Combined SOs/Steno's (Gr.B/Gr.I) Ltd. Deptl. Examination, PDF icon Paper II (Procedure and Practice, Categories I, meatfharfuhandsi.ga & IX). PDF icon Paper I. IAS (Pre.) General Studies Exam Paper - (Paper - 1) "held on " . Study Kit: UPSC - IAS PRE (GS+CSAT) Solved Papers & Test Series .. Click Here to Download Full Paper in PDF Format (Booklet No: B). UPSC Online Course (Only /-). new (Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam Papers - Previous Year Question Papers Compulsory Papers.
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UPSC IAS Prelims Previous Year Question Papers: Download PDF UPSC Civil Services Prelims General Studies Paper – , Download. UPSC Civil. UPSC prelims conducted Civil service and Forest service (combined) preliminary exam CSAT, on 23th August here is the PDF file. 5 days ago View and download IAS Prelims previous years (past) papers for years , , , , , , , , , ,
The term Indian feudalism is an attempt to classify Indian history according to a European model. Feudalism, in its various forms, usually emerged as a result of the decentralization of an empire: India is a member of which of the following? Asia-Pacific economic corporation. Association of South-East Asian Nations. East Asia Summit Select the correct answer using the code given below.
India is a member of East Asia Summit. In India the steel production industry requires the import of a saltpeter b rock phosphate c coking coal d All of the above Solution: Saltpetre Potassium nitrate is not used in the production of steel. It is instead used in fertilizers, tree stump removal, rocket propellants and fireworks.
It is one of the major constituents of gunpowder blackpowder and has been used since the Middle Ages as a food preservative. India definitely imports coking coal.
So, the answer has to be C. It requires 0. The government had recently imposed a 2. The provisions in the Fifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule in the Constitution of India are made in order to a protect the interests of Scheduled Tribes b determine the boundaries between states c determine the powers, authorities, and responsibilities of Panchayats d protect the interests of all the border States Solution: Option C is incorrect because it excludes the fifth and sixth schedule areas from the application of the Panchayati Raj system.
This is to ensure that the local tribal practices, customs, religious laws, social and political institutions are not tampered with. Instead, the act known as PESA, extends the panchayati raj system to the tribal areas. With reference to the Union Government consider the following statements.
The Department of Revenue is responsible for the preparation of Union Budget that is presented to the parliament 2.
No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India without the authorization of Parliament of India. All the disbursements made from Public Account also need the Authorization from the Parliament of India.
Prior authorization is required for withdrawing from Consolidated Fund of India. For Contingency fund of India, withdrawal can be authorized by the Parliament afterwards too. For Public Account, no such authorization is needed. Assessing the revenues from different central taxes is the primary function of the Department of Revenue and the expenditure estimates for the current and the next year for various expenditure heads are assessed by the Department of Expenditure.
The Budget division is a part of the Department of Economic Affairs. The Finance Secretary coordinates the overall Budget-making process Source: Arguments in favour of the President as Custodian of the Constitution: Hence, he is the custodian of the constitution of India. Hence, it is the Guardian of the constitution of India. The two terminologies — Custodian and Guardian — are different and the nuances should be understood.
Supreme Court is not in charge of the constitution of India.
ANTHROPOLOGY PAPER 2 TOPIC WISE UPSC QUESTIONS (1985-2018)
Only the highest office holder of India is eligible to keep the constitution in his custody. Arguments in favour of the President as Custodian of the Constitution:. Consider the following statements: The Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme was launched during to provide loan assistance to poor farmers.
The Command Area Development Programme was launched in for the development of water-use efficiency. This program was launched to give loan assistance to the states to help them a few major irrigation projects which were in advanced stage of completion. The Command Area Development Programme was launched as a Centrally-sponsored scheme in with the main objectives of improving utilization of irrigation potential and optimizing agricultural productivity and production from the irrigated areas by integrating all functions related with irrigated agriculture.
Bangladesh 2. Cambodia 3. China 4. Myanmar 5. Thailand Select the correct answer using the code given below. They emphasised four areas of cooperation, which are tourism, culture, education, and transportation linkage in order to be solid foundation for future trade and investment cooperation in the region.
Basel III or the Third Basel Accord is a global, voluntary regulatory framework on bank capital adequacy, stress testing and market liquidity risk. It was agreed upon by the members of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in —11, and was scheduled to be introduced from until The winds which blow between 30 degrees N and 60 degrees S latitudes throughout the year are known as westerlies.
The moist air masses that cause winter rams in North-Western region of India are part of westerlies. Westerlies flow between latitudes degrees North and degrees South. The statement mentions 30NS. So it is wrong.
The western cyclonic disturbances are weather phenomena of the winter months brought in by the westerly flow from the Mediterranean region.
They usually influence the weather of the north and north-western regions of India. They are a non- monsoonal precipitation pattern driven by the Westerlies. It was established very recently in response to incidents of piracy and accidents of oil spills 2.
The organization was first established as Indian Ocean Rim Initiative in Mauritius on March and formally launched on 6—7 March It is an international organization consisting of coastal states bordering the Indian Ocean. Priority areas are to promote the sustained growth and balanced development of the region and of the Member States, and to create common ground for regional economic co-operation.
Six priority areas were identified at the 11th Council of Ministers, in Bengaluru are: Surat split was due to disagreements between Moderates and extremists regarding the methods for protest against the partition of Bengal in the Swadeshi Movement.
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In a particular region in India, the local people train the roots of living tree into robust bridges across the streams. As the time passes these bridges become stronger. The bridges are tangles of massive thick roots, which have been intermingled to form a bridge that can hold several people at a time.
Khasi people have been trained to grow these bridges across the raised banks of streams to form a solid bridge, made from roots. The living bridges are made from the roots of the Ficus elastic tree, which produces a series of secondary roots that are perched atop huge boulders along the streams or the riverbanks to form bridges. The bridges are alive and still growing and gain strength over time.
Tides occur in oceans and seas due to which of the following? Gravitational Force of the Sun 2. Gravitational Force of the Moon 3. Gravitational Force of the Earth. Select the correct answer using the code given below a 1 only b 2 and 3 only c 1 and 3 only d 1, 2, and 3 Solution: Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of gravitational forces exerted by the Moon, Sun, and rotation of the Earth.
The times and amplitude of tides at a locale are influenced by the alignment of the Sun and Moon, by the pattern of tides in the deep ocean, by the amphidromic systems of the oceans, and the shape of the coastline and near-shore bathymetry.
Assessment of crop productivity 2. Locating ground water resources 3. Mineral exploration 4. Telecommunications 5.
Traffic studies Select the correct answer using the code given below a 1, 2 and 3 only b 4 and 5 only c 1 and 2 only d 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 Solution: For telecommunications geo-stationary satellites are used. Hence, you can easily eliminate statement 4, which then also eliminates statement 5 because both occur together. Under remote sensing, Hyperspectral imaging produces an image where each pixel has full spectral information with imaging narrow spectral bands over a contiguous spectral range.
Hyperspectral imagers are used in various applications including mineralogy, biology, defence, and environmental measurements. So, the only possible answer can be A. Consider the following States: Arunachal Pradesh 2. Himachal Pradesh 3. The true evergreen forests are found along the western side of the Western Ghats between to metres above sea level south of Mumbai, in a strip running from northeast to south-west direction across Arunachal Pradesh, Upper Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura upto a height of metres and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The interaction between the Arctic ice shelf and the deep sea and its influence on climate shift requires detailed studies over an annual seasonal cycle. It will collect real- time data on seawater temperature, salinity, ocean currents and other vital parameters of the fjord.
Select the correct answer using the code given below a 1 only b 2 and 3 only c 1 and 3 only d 1, 2 and 3 Solution: Option B was framed to deviate you from the right answer. Go to the link to read the four objectives of FCPF.
This is implemented at country level, not al universities or individual levels. Which one of the following was given classical language status recently?
It is a Global Partnership of Conservation Organizations. Select the correct answer using the code given below. Together the BirdLife Partnership forms the leading authority on the status of birds, their habitats and the issues and problems affecting bird life.
In India, in which one of the following types of forests is teak a dominant tree species? Tropical moist deciduous forests exist mostly in the eastern part of the country — northeastern states, along the foothills of the Himalayas, Jharkhand, West Orissa and Chhattisgarh, and on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.
Teak is the most dominant species of this forest. Bamboos, sal, shisham, sandalwood, khair, kusum, arjun, mulberry are other commercially important species.
But rain is soon over. With reference to India economy, consider the following statements: The rate of growth of real Gross Domestic Product has steadily increased in the last decade. So, statement 1 is wrong. Even though the growth rate declined, it never became negative. So, the GDP at market prices has always increased year on year since last one decade.
The Legislative Council of a state in India can be larger in size than half of the Legislative Assembly of that particular state. The Governor of a state nominates the Chairman of Legislative Council of that particular state.
The maximum strength of the council is fixed at one-third of the total strength of the assembly and the minimum strength is fixed at 40 with some exceptions. The Chairman of the Legislative Council is elected by the council itself from amongst its members. An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the non-living components of their environment, interacting as a system.
These biotic and abiotic components are regarded as linked together through nutrient cycles and energy flows.
The fundamental object of Panchayati Raj system is to ensure which among the following? Political accountability 3. Democratic decentralization 4.
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Financial mobilization Select the correct answer using the code given below a 1, 2 and 3 only b 2 and 4 only c 1 and 3 only d 1, 2, 3 and 4 Solution: There is some dispute about the answers. Some claim the answer to be A, some C and some D. We accept that there is some subjectivity inherent in the options. However, the question can be solved on objective basis. Local financial mobilization by way of octroi taxes etc.
In fact, only few states have devolved financial powers to their PRIs. Reasons are: What has happened after is that it has only become easier to hold the representatives accountable. In Karnataka, elections to Grama Panchayats are held on apolitical basis i. With reference to India economy, consider the following: Bank rate 2. Open market operations 3. Public debt 4. Public debt and Public revenue are matters falling under Fiscal policy.
The Ministry of Finance handles these subjects. Which reference to inflation in India, which of the following statements is correct? Decreased money circulation leads to lesser money in hands of people to spend. Hence, lower demand given the same supply leads to falling prices fall and reduced inflation. Consider the following countries 1.
China 2. France 3. India 4. Israel 5. The treaty recognizes five states as nuclear-weapon states: Four other states are known or believed to possess nuclear weapons: India, Pakistan and North Korea have openly tested and declared that they possess nuclear weapons, while Israel has had a policy of opacity regarding its nuclear weapons program.
So, you can conclude that Israel can never be a part of the answer which directly points out to option A as the answer.
In a welfare State, the functions of the State are not only the defence of the country or administration of justice or maintaining law and order but it extends to regulating and controlling the activities of the people in almost every sphere—educational, commercial, social, economic, political and even marital. DPSP thus promotes the ideal of a welfare state as it guides the state in making policies for the socio-economic well being of the people of India.
Preamble, option A, will NOT be the answer because it simply lists the socio-economic objectives of Indian society. It does not tell us who will design or execute policies based on the objectives. The substitution of steel for wooden ploughs in agricultural production is an example of a labour-augmenting technological progress b capital-augmenting technological progress c capital-reducing technological progress d None of the above Solution: Substitution of steel can be considered as the substitution of a lesser machine by a better machine.
This encourages steel production. Hence it is a capital-augmenting technological progress. There is a Parliamentary System of Government in India because the a Lok Sabha is elected directly by the people b Parliament can amend the constitution c Rajya Sabha cannot be dissolved d Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha Solution: Option A points to a democratic system.
It does not necessarily mean a Parliamentary Democratic system. For e. H1N1 virus is sometimes mentioned in the news with reference to which one of the following diseases? Influenza A H1N1 virus is the most common cause of human influenza flu. This strain is often called swine flu by the public media.
With reference to bio-toilets used by the Indian Railways, consider the following statements: The decomposition of human waste in the bio-toilets is initiated by a fungal inoculum. Ammonia and water vapour are the only end products in this decomposition which are released into the atmosphere. Under the bio-toilet concept of the DRDO, the bio-digester tank in every toilet is filled with inoculums containing four types of bacteria. The water trap system in the toilet prevents air from getting into the tank, the human waste is processed by anaerobic bacteria in seven chambers in the tank and the methane gas is allowed to escape into the air.
The problem of international liquidity is related to the non-availability of a goods and services b gold and silver c dollars and other hard currencies d exportable surplus Solution: The concept of international liquidity is associated with international payments. These payments arise out of international trade in goods and services and also in connection with capital movements between one country and another.
International liquidity refers to the generally accepted official means of settling imbalances in international payments which is basically dollars and hard currencies. If pure hydrogen is used as a fuel, the fuel cell emits heat and water as by-products.
Fuel cells can be used for powering buildings and not for small devices like laptop computers. Fuel cells produce electricity in the form of Alternating Current AC. The purpose of a fuel cell is to produce an electrical current that can be directed outside the cell to do work, such as powering an electric motor or illuminating a light bulb or a city. One great appeal of fuel cells is that they generate electricity with very little pollution—much of the hydrogen and oxygen used in generating electricity ultimately combines to form a harmless byproduct, namely water alongwith releasing heat.
A single fuel cell generates a tiny amount of direct current DC electricity. In practice, many fuel cells are usually assembled into a stack. If alternating current AC is needed, the DC output of the fuel cell must be routed through a conversion device called an inverter. Kalamkari painting refers to a a hand-painted cotton textile in South India b a handmade drawing on bamboo handicrafts in North-East India e a block-painted woollen cloth in Western Himalayan region of India d a hand-painted decorative silk cloth in North-Western India Solution: Kalamkari painting is a type of Indian folk textile art that involves free hand drawing and painting or printing on cloth, mostly cotton.
Kalahasti and Machilipatnam in Andhra Pradesh, the nerve centres of this art continue to be beehives of Kalamkari activity. There has been a persistent deficit budget year after year. Which of the following actions can be taken by the government to reduce the deficit?
Reducing revenue expenditure 2. Introducing new welfare schemes 3. Rationalizing subsidies 4. Expanding industries Select the correct answer using the code given below. Introducing new welfare scheme will further inflate the budget. Expanding industries by budgetary support will not add anything in the short-run to the tax revenues of the government, and thus will increase the budget deficit. Rationalizing subsidies and reducing revenue expenditure are two direct ways of reducing the fiscal burden of the government of India.
Banaras Brocades and Sarees 2. Rajasthani Daal-Bati-Churma 3. Tirupathi Laddu Select the correct answer using the code given below: It is a Public Limited Government Company. It is a Non — Banking Financial Company. It has increased the share of States in the central divisible pool from 32 percent to 42 percent 2. It has made recommendations concerning sector-specific grants Select the correct answer using the code given below.
As compared to total devolutions in , total devolution of states in will increase by over 45 per cent. No sector specific grant recommendations were made. Please read the link below for detailed recommendations. A decrease in tax to GDP ratio of a country indicates which of the following?
Slowing economic growth rates 2. Less equitable distribution of national income. There is some dispute about the correct answer.
As per some websites, second statement should be correct. But, here is a catch. About Statement 1: Slowing economic growth rates may result in lower tax collection. But whether the fall in tax collection is proportionate to the fall in GDP cannot be known without knowing the on-ground statistics.
It depends on the structural characteristics of the economy. So, slowing economic growth rates does not necessarily mean decrease in tax-GDP ratio. About Statement 2: Change in collection of taxes with the change in GDP shows the tax buoyancy. Tax buoyancy can be affected by a number of reasons including tax evasion, tax avoidance, less efficient methods of tax collection etc.
These are the short-term reasons which affect the tax collection. Long term reasons are structural reasons. Distribution of income is one such factor. A decrease in tax-GDP ratio is a short-term phenomenon. It happens for reasons mentioned above. You can refer to the link to understand more about the issue: In the South Atlantic and South Eastern Pacific regions in tropical latitudes, cyclone does not originate.
What is the reason? Option C is wrong. Coriolis force is weak only in the region around degrees North or South latitudes. Option B is also wrong. ITCZ formation is not essential to the formation of cyclones. Cyclones are formed in regions where ITCZ does not form, for e. Option D is absurd as absence of land boosts cyclones.
Discussions & Questions
Practicing previous year question papers is very important for preparation, as these papers are the most reliable and dependable source of information for students writing both prelims and main examination. A student should never neglect the importance of previous year question papers and sample papers. How old IAS question papers help students? Solving question papers offer the students an elaborate understanding about their skills, like self-evaluation about their speed and time management.
Students understand and learn the lesser things which might be the odds in a civil service examination. By solving these papers, students also realize the familiarity in sample papers.
So, students can really understand what not to ignore and which to select. Moreover, solving these papers also helps them in revision. It is always advisable to solve these papers when students have completely done with their preparations. In the end, students can evaluate their own performance and work on their shortcomings.
They can notice that many of the questions are reshaped or rephrased in the exams. Students must read the questions carefully in the exam and can see how helpful it has been. It is always better for the students to self-evaluate their performance and gauge their understanding of the concepts. So, students must go ahead and solve sample papers and Civil Service Examination — both prelims and main- previous year question papers if they really desire to succeed in the civil service exam.Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?
Khasi people have been trained to grow these bridges across the raised banks of streams to form a solid bridge, made from roots. People's participation in development 2. There has been a persistent deficit budget year after year. They emphasised four areas of cooperation, which are tourism, culture, education, and transportation linkage in order to be solid foundation for future trade and investment cooperation in the region.
Discuss the problems faced by religious minorities in India. Give a comprehensive Picture of any one of them. The concept of international liquidity is associated with international payments.
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